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As of 11 August 2021, new regulations in relation to packaging and product safety requirements come into force under the Smokefree Environments and Regulated Product Acts 1990. Make sure you understand what vape you are buying. Speak to a Specialist Vape Retailer for advice and guidance.
Different devices and e-liquids
Vaping devices and e-liquids can vary greatly from one another. You need to ask the Specialist Vape Retailer for your own specific safety guidelines.
Regarding safety, categorical statements about the toxicity of electronic cigarettes are not possible because of the large number of devices and fluids available and the frequent addition of new products to the market.Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation, Cochrane review, 2016
The Ministry of Health Vaping Regulatory Authority is responsible for the regulation of vaping products and smokeless tobacco products (notifiable products).
The Vaping Regulatory Authority also manages applications from retailers to become Specialist Vape Retailers, and receives annual reporting information from manufacturers, importers, and Specialist Vape Retailers.
Poorly-manufactured vaping devices may have faults and potentially be dangerous to use.
The Regulations require devices to have battery safety measures. This includes rechargeable devices, one-off devices, and those with in-built chargers. All devices must comply with the New Zealand Electrical (Safety) Regulations.
As of 11 August 2011, new regulations in relation to the quality of e-liquid ingredients come into force under the Smokefree Environments and Regulated Product Acts 1990.
The new regulations mean an e-liquid:
- must contain only the ingredients that are in the product notification,
- must be in the amounts stated in that notification (other than trace levels that are technically unavoidable during manufacture) and
- must not contain ingredients that could pose an unacceptable risk to people’s safety (when it is heated or unheated).
Here are some examples of what is now a requirement.
- Flavours must be water-soluble, and flavours other than tobacco extracts must meet food standards in the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code 2002
- Nicotine quality must comply with the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) or European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.) monograph
- The quality of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerol, and the acid of the nicotine salt must comply with the USP or Ph. Eur. monograph.
- Alcohol (ethanol) quality must comply with the USP monograph for Alcohol or Alcohol 96%, or the Ph. Eur. monograph for Ethanol or Ethanol 96%.
- Purified water quality must comply with the USP or Ph. Eur. monograph.
The regulations also specify the substances and flavours that cannot be included in e-liquids. This covers lists of flavours, additives, stimulant compounds, sugars and sweeteners and preservatives. See here for the full list of ingredients.
Can devices blow up or catch fire?
As with any rechargeable device, like mobile phones and laptops, it is important to charge with the correct charger and not to leave your vape unattended while charging.
There have been reported cases in the UK of vaping products causing fires. However, many more fires are caused by cigarettes.
Look for ways to recycle your e-liquid bottles and ask your vape store for advice on recycling batteries.