Risks of vaping
The biggest risks of vaping are the unknown risks. Vaping hasn’t been around long enough to know the risks of long-term use, but we do know it’s less harmful than smoking.
Vaping – what the doctor says
What we know
Breathing any product into your lungs unnecessarily is not ideal, and that’s why non-smokers should not vape. However, for those who smoke, switching to vaping is likely to substantially reduce health risks.
There is now general agreement that electronic cigarette use exposes the user to fewer toxicants than smoking tobacco cigarettes.Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation, Cochrane review 2016
In general, smokers who switch to vaping reduce their exposure to a wide range of toxic substances. For more detail, view the Evidence Review of E-cigarettes and Heated Tobacco Products 2018, a report commissioned by Public Health England.
There are safety risks to any electronic device.
Risks are what might happen, but side effects are the direct results.
What we don’t know
The risks associated with long-term vaping are unknown. While vaping is less harmful than smoking it is unlikely to be totally harm free. Ideally, smokers who are vaping to quit should look to eventually stop vaping too.
Scientists will not be certain for many years of any health risks associated with vaping. The Ministry of Health has a role in continuing to monitor the risk.
We don’t know what is in all vaping e-liquids, as there are no safety standards in New Zealand yet for vaping products.
Comparative risks of cardiovascular disease and lung disease have not been quantified but are likely to be also substantially below the risks of smoking.Evidence Review of E-cigarettes and Heated Tobacco Products 2018, a report commissioned by Public Health England